The Need for a Medical Alcohol Detox

Alcohol Detox | Recovery in TuneA medical alcohol detox is a process in which a patient who is withdrawing from heavy alcohol use is placed under clinical supervision to ensure that complications are managed appropriately. The effects of the abrupt cessation of alcohol use and subsequent withdrawal syndrome have the potential to be severe and even life-threating.

The alcohol detox process can take several days (5-7 on average) to complete. During this time, the patient’s body rids itself of alcohol and other toxins. Clinical staff monitor vital signs and administer medication to mitigate withdrawal symptoms such as anxiety and tremors.

The duration of treatment is largely dependent upon several factors, including the average amount/length of time alcohol was consumed before detox.

According to the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), the following criteria are necessary to diagnose alcohol withdrawal:

1. Cessation of or decrease in alcohol use that has been prolonged or heavy.

2. Two or more of the following symptoms have developed within hours to a few days after criterion:

  • Autonomic hyperactivity (for example, sweating or pulse greater than 100 beats per minute)
  • Increased hand tremor
  • Insomnia
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Excessive, purposeless physical activity (i.e, psychomotor agitation)
    Anxiety
  • Transient visual, tactile, auditory hallucinations or illusions*
  • Grand mal seizures*

*Symptoms characteristic of delirium tremens (DTs).

3. The symptoms listed in the aforementioned criteria cause significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, and other critical areas
of functioning.

4. The symptoms are not attributable to a medical condition and are not better accounted for by another mental health condition.

The Entire Alcohol Detox Process: Three Phases

Assuming there are no comorbid conditions aside from alcohol use, withdrawal symptoms tend to follow a particular course consisting of the following phases:

Acute withdrawal

During the first hours after discontinued use, the patient will begin experiencing withdrawal symptoms, such as those listed above. Seizures and tremors will occur within 48 hours and peak after about 24 hours.

Other symptoms may include the following:

  • Increased blood pressure
  • Profuse sweating
  • Nausea
  • Abdominal pain
  • Loss of appetite
  • Fatigue, tremors
  • Depression
  • Foggy thinking/confusion
  • Mood swings
  • Heart palpitations

Early Abstinence

Signs of Alcoholism | Recovery by the SeaEarly abstinence begins from 1-3 days after the last drink is consumed. A sudden lack of alcohol can result in the body entering a state of shock, and in cases where serious physical damage exists due to drinking, organs can begin to fail. Delerium Tremens, if the condition manifests, will start after about three days and last for 48-72 hours.

 

During the second phase, symptoms such as insomnia and anxiety persist, but actual physical symptoms begin to resolve. Anxiety can continue up to six weeks after the person has stopped consuming alcohol.

Protracted Abstinence

During the last phase, sometimes referred to as post-acute withdrawal syndrome, anxiety and dysphoria (dissatisfaction with life) may continue, and relapse is still a looming possibility due to continued cravings and low mood.

While many of the physical effects will likely subside, if left untreated, it is possible for some psychological effects to become permanent. This effect is also referred to as dry drunk syndrome – a persistent condition that may play a critical role in increasing the risk of relapse and future contentment with sobriety.

A person struggling with dry drunk syndrome may still maintain tense relationships with loved ones and suffer from unhealthy habits. Moreover, although an individual quits drinking or doing drugs, they have not dealt with the emotional baggage, learned new coping skills or altered flawed thinking that contributed to the addiction in the first place.

In a nutshell, people suffering from dry drunk syndrome feel overwhelmed, as though they are white-knuckling through life without their “crutch” otherwise known as their drug of choice.

Treatment for Alcohol Detox

Alcohol Detox | Recovery in Tune
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According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), approximately 17.6 million Americans experience an alcohol use disorder (AUD.) And unfortunately, only a small percentage of those suffering (about 1 in 10) seek professional help.

A medical detox is only the first step in an addiction treatment program. After detox, patients are encouraged to participate in inpatient or intensive outpatient therapy and counseling.

Inpatients live at our center 24/7 for at least 30 days while engaging in their recovery, while outpatients live independently but visit the center several times per week for treatment.

Inpatients benefit from around-the-clock medical care and emotional support, which is essential for those with severe addictions or co-morbid mental illness. Outpatients have more freedom and flexibility to attend to personal responsibilities, such as work and family, while continuing treatment as they re-integrate with society.

After intensive treatment has been successfully completed, our aftercare planning services help patients find resources for ongoing recovery, such as psychiatric services, counselors, and 12-step meetings. Our center also organizes alumni activities to foster a community environment and remain present and supportive in the lives of former patients.

How Long Does Alcohol Stay in Your System?

How Long Does Alcohol Stay in Your System? | Recovery in Tune

How Long Does Alcohol Stay in Your System? – On average, a healthy liver processes around 10 grams of ethyl alcohol, or about one standard drink per hour.* The presence of alcohol is detectable in urine for up to 80 hours after consumption. Alcohol is detectable on the breath and in saliva for around 24 hours after the last drink. Alcohol use is detectable in hair follicles for up to 3 months.

Immediately after consuming a drink, roughly 20% of the alcohol travels into the blood vessels it comes in contact with on the way to the stomach, and then moves straight to the brain. The remaining 80% is moved into the small intestine, where it is then absorbed into the bloodstream.

Moreover, alcohol enters the bloodstream relatively quickly and is then metabolized out of the blood more slowly by the liver. The point at which blood alcohol content (BAC) is highest before it is metabolized is the peak blood alcohol concentration. The length of this peak depends on the strength and amount of the consumed alcohol.

Although the rate at which one becomes intoxicated depends on the person, alcohol is metabolized at the same rate for everyone, assuming they have a healthy liver. Other factors that affect the rate of intoxication include the following:

  • Age
  • Ethnicity
  • Body fat content
  • Rate of alcohol consumption
  • Amount of food in stomach and intestines
  • Fat content of food in stomach and intestines
  • Other chemicals present in the body, such as those from medications

*A standard alcoholic drink is defined as 12 ounces of beer, 5 ounces of wine, or one ounce of liquor.

How Long Does Alcohol Stay in Your System? – Testing for Alcohol

Alcohol tests are used for a variety of reasons, such as field sobriety testing, pre-employment screening, routing workplace testing, and probate testing.

A urine test for alcohol can only reveal whether it is present, but not a person’s BAC. Current technology allows law enforcement to detect the presence of alcohol in the urine of a chronic drinker for up to 80 hours.

Blood testing for alcohol is the most reliable and precise method available. Unlike urine tests, a blood-based test can reveal a person’s exact BAC at the time the test is administered.

However, the most common test for alcohol is a breath test, known as a breathalyzer. While not as reliable or accurate as a blood test, breath tests not only determine whether someone has been drinking but can also estimate their BAC. The breathalyzer is a standard field sobriety test for police in the U.S. since it is much less invasive than a urine or blood test and because results are immediate.

Alcohol Addiction

How Long Does Alcohol Stay in Your System? | Recovery in TuneYou aren’t an alcoholic just because you drink. That said, if alcohol consumption consistently undermines everyday responsibilities, this indicates an alcohol use disorder (AUD) – also commonly referred to as alcoholism or being an alcoholic

A diagnosis of AUD, although it requires the presence of specific criteria, can cover a wide variety of cases, from someone who spends more on alcohol than they can afford to someone who regularly blacks out and commits crimes. The hallmark of alcohol addiction is the inability to quit drinking even when it causes problems.

Alcohol lowers inhibitions, leading a drinker to act in ways they might otherwise reconsider. Because drinking is socially acceptable, if not encouraged, in many cultures alcohol addiction is an ever-present problem. Statistics regularly reveal the staggering correlation between alcohol consumption and crime rates.

How Long Does Alcohol Stay in Your System? – Effects of Alcohol

The effects of alcohol often start out as pleasurable, which is why people enjoy drinking. Nevertheless, there are many adverse short- and long-term side effects and very few, if any, positive long-term effects of alcohol consumption. Alcohol’s impact on the body is relative to BAC.

Short-term effects include the following:

At 0.033-0.12% BAC:

  • Improved mood
  • Reduced anxiety
  • Increased self-confidence
  • Reduced attention span
  • Flushed face
  • Reduced motor coordination
  • Impaired judgment

At 0.09-0.25% BAC:

  • Sedation
  • Reduced comprehension
  • Reduced reaction speed
  • Memory loss
  • Loss of balance and equilibrium
  • Blurred vision
  • Sensory impairment

At 0.25-0.40% BAC:

  • Amnesia
  • Staggered movement
  • Vomiting
  • Moderate respiratory depression
  • Urinary incontinence
  • Slow heart rate
  • Severely reduced consciousness or unconsciousness

At 0.35-0.80% BAC:

  • Absent pupillary light reflex
  • Severe respiratory depression
  • Dangerously slow heart rate
  • Coma
  • Death

Long-term effects of alcohol abuse include the following:

  • Disrupted brain development
  • Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome
  • Cognitive impairment
  • Diminished capacity for abstract reasoning
  • Liver damage and cirrhosis
  • Destruction of brain cells
  • Memory loss
  • Poor attention span
  • Gastrointestinal ulcers
  • Increased blood pressure
  • Increased risk of heart attack and stroke
  • Reduced sperm count and sperm production
  • Anemia
  • Stomach and esophageal cancer

Tolerance, Dependence, and Withdrawal

How Long Does Alcohol Stay in Your System? | Recovery in TuneThe more one consumes alcohol, the higher their tolerance becomes. Essentially, this occurs because when alcohol consumption becomes routine, the body compensates by dedicating more enzymes to metabolize it more efficiently.

In essence, the body treats alcohol as a poison. The liver cleans the blood of alcohol at a constant rate. Intoxication occurs when alcohol is consumed at a rate higher than the liver can process it. An extreme level of intoxication is known as alcohol poisoning, which happens when a person drinks an excessive amount of alcohol in a relatively short period.

Symptoms of alcohol poisoning include the following:

  • Confusion
  • Loss of coordination
  • Vomiting
  • Seizures
  • Severely depressed breathing (fewer than eight breaths per minute)
  • Reduced body temperature (hypothermia)
  • Paleness or bluing of the skin
  • Stupor or unresponsiveness
  • Loss of consciousness or passing out

Tolerance reduces an individual’s risk of alcohol poisoning. While not always concurrent with alcohol dependence, a high tolerance is a telling sign of alcohol addiction.

Alcohol dependence occurs when the brain begins to require alcohol to function normally, and withdrawal symptoms arise then he or she tries to quit or drastically cut back.

Withdrawals are symptoms experienced by a person who becomes dependent on alcohol and then ceases consumption. Because of the nature of alcohol dependence, withdrawal symptoms can range from mild to severe, and in very extreme cases, result in death.

Symptoms of alcohol withdrawal include the following:

  • Sweating
  • Headache
  • Loss of appetite
  • Restlessness
  • Insomnia
  • Anxiety
  • Shakiness and tremors
  • Irritability and mood swings
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Confusion
  • Fever
  • Racing heart or palpitations
  • High blood pressure
  • Altered mental function
  • Hallucinations
  • Extreme disorientation
  • Nightmares
  • Seizures
  • Delirium tremens
  • Heart attack or stroke

Treatment for Alcohol Addiction

How Long Does Alcohol Stay in Your System? | Recovery in TuneAlcohol use disorder, also known as alcohol abuse, alcohol addiction, or alcoholism, is a very serious, life-threating condition that adversely affects the user as well as those close to him or her.

Anyone who continues to engage in alcohol abuse, especially after attempts to quit or cut back should seek help and consider participating in a comprehensive addiction treatment program.

Because alcohol withdrawal symptoms can be fatal in some cases, anyone who quits drinking abruptly should do so under medical supervision only. A clinical detox benefits the patient because they can be monitored 24/7 for complications, administered medications to ease withdrawal symptoms, and effectively prevented from release.

After detox, patients should undergo inpatient rehab or intensive outpatient treatment. Both formats include evidence-based approaches such as behavioral therapy and counseling. Inpatients reside around-the-clock for a period of 30 days or longer, while outpatients live outside of the center but visit several times per week to engage in therapy sessions.

At the completion of treatment, our center offers aftercare planning services and alumni activities for ongoing support and recovery maintenance.

What is DMT?

What is DMT? | Recovery in Tune

 

What is DMT? – DMT (N, N-Dimethyltryptamine) is a hallucinogenic drug that is known for its ability to invoke intense, often spiritual experiences in users. DMT can be ingested orally, smoked, snorted, or injected.

While DMT’s addictive potential is quite low when compared to say, heroin or cocaine, it can be abused and may be psychologically habit-forming.

DMT as a chemical tryptamine compound that naturally occurs in several types of plants. Tryptamine also produced in humans, playing a critical role in central nervous system regulation such as sleep, body temperature, memory, cognition, and behavior.

Effects include the following:

  • Rushing sensation
  • Euphoria
  • Increased energy
  • Increased libido
  • Improved concentration
  • A heightened sense of empathy
  • Altered time perception

Adverse side effects may include:

  • Anxiety
  • Delirium
  • Hyperthermia (profoundly increased body temperature)
  • Hyperactive reflexes
  • Muscle rigidness
  • Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.
  • Increased heart rate
  • High blood pressure
  • Increased body temperature
  • Intense fear and panic
  • Dilated pupils
  • Lung irritation
  • Serotonin Syndrome (a life-threatening condition caused by an excess of serotonin in the central nervous system)

How DMT Works

What is DMT? | Recovery in TuneResearchers are still unclear as to the precise mechanism that causes DMT to impact the brain so dramatically. However, DMT is thought to increase serotonin, a chemical neurotransmitter responsible for feelings of well-being and relaxation.

Ultimately, the use of DMT appears to lead to increased activity in many different bodily processes, such as heart rate and cognition. Many posit that DMT is excreted by the pineal gland as a person nears death, and may account for much of the imagery experienced by persons who have had close encounters with death or have been clinically dead and been brought back to life.

What is DMT Traditional Use

Many forms of DMT have been found in use worldwide. In South America, for example, the ayahuasca vine and Anadenanthera peregrina (yopo) plant are used in tribal rituals and by a shaman to reach a higher level of consciousness. Ayahuasca is usually made into a tea-like brew from bark whereas yopo is typically smoked or snuffed (inhaled.)

DMT is also referred to as the following:

  • Fantasia
  • Businessman’s Special
  • Businessman’s Trip
  • Dimitri
  • 45-minute Psychosis
  • Ayahuasca (plant)

What is DMT Abuse?

DMT is not considered to be addictive, but some people an develop a psychological dependence on the the substance. Signs of abuse include the following:

  • Consuming more of the drug than intended or for a longer duration
  • Failure to cut down on drug use despite attempts to quit
  • Spending a significant amount of time obtaining and using a drug and recovering from
  • it’s effects
  • Intense drug cravings
  • Neglect of important responsibilities associated with work, school or home due to drug
  • use
  • Using drugs despite social and interpersonal difficulties related to use
  • Abandoning recreational and occupational activities in favor of drug use
  • Using a drug in dangerous situations such as driving or operating machinery.
  • Continued use of a drug despite physical or psychological problems that manifest or
  • are excerbated by its use
  • Development of a drug tolerance (increasing amounts are needed to achieve the desired effect)
  • Evidence of dependence, such as withdrawal symptoms upon cessation

Overdose

It is very difficult, if not impossible to overdose on DMT alone. Aside from possibly intravenous use, most methods require a user to continue consuming DMT long after the person would become too incapacitated to do so.

That said, DMT is potentially dangeorus when mixed with other psychoactives that act on serotonin levels in the brain. Too much can result in a condition called “serontonin syndrome”, which can be an absolutely terrifying experience and in some cases, fatal.

Options for Treatment of DMT Abuse

What is DMT? | Recovery in TuneAs noted, DMT “addiction” is uncommon. However, people who develop an abusive pattern of DMT should seek substance use treatment in our center through an inpatient or intensive outpatient program, or both.

Many people who abuse DMT also use other substances or may have co-occurring mental health conditions that need to be treated in conjunction to drug abuse.

Our inpatient center offers a residential facility where patients receive therapeutic services as needed around-the-clock for 30 days or longer. During a residential stay, patients participate in behahavior therapy, counseling, 12-step programs, and holistic activities such as yoga and meditation.

Outpatient programs do not require patients to stay at the facility, but rather, visit the center several times per weeks for individual and group therapy sessions. Instead, patients live at a private home or sober living environment while they continue treatment and gradually transition back to society.

After intensive addiction treatment has been completed, former patients can benefis from aftercare planning services and alumni activities that are structured to build team support and further the recovery process indefinitely.

List of Stimulants and Their Effects

List of Stimulants – Stimulants are among the most regularly abused drugs in the U.S. Stimulants are a class of drugs that include illicit substances such as methamphetamine and cocaine and prescription medications such as those that treat ADHD.

These drugs work by releasing certain chemicals in the brain such as dopamine and norepinephrine, which correspond to feelings of attentiveness, alertness, happiness, and fulfillment. Stimulants work by triggering the overproduction of these chemicals and saturate the neurons in our brain, provoking the experience of those feelings beyond normal levels.

Immediate side effects related to stimulant abuse include the following:

  • Tachycardia (above normal heart rate)
  • Hypertension (high blood pressure)
  • Fever
  • Decreased appetite
  • Dilated pupils
  • Nausea

The most potent stimulants, such as cocaine and methamphetamine, can induce feelings of franticness and result in bizarre, unpredictable and violent behaviors, hallucinations, and psychotic episodes.

Cocaine

Cocaine is a stimulant synthesized from the naturally occurring coca plant. Cocaine is referred to by many names, such as coke, crack, candy, snow, rock, blow, flake, base, powder, and yeyo.

Although snorting is the most common method of ingesting powder cocaine (hydrochloride salt), freebasing offers perhaps the most rapid, immediate, and dangerous high.

Cocaine in its freebase rock form is known as crack. In addition to these two methods, cocaine powder can be mixed into a solution with water then injected into the bloodstream or rubbed onto the gums where it is absorbed through the mucous membranes.

The stimulant effects caused by cocaine use are very intense, so abuse usually consists of maintaining this “high” feeling through repeated ingestion, thus increasing the potential for long-term addiction and risk of overdose. The euphoric high of cocaine can be followed by harmful side effects such as the following:

  • Irritability
  • Hypersensitivity to exposure to light and sound
  • Paranoia
  • Nervousness
  • Anxiety
  • False sense of alertness

Amphetamines

List of Stimulants | Recovery in TuneAmphetamines are stimulants prescribed for the treatment of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy. They work to increase our attention and the ability to maintain a focus on tasks, as well as heighten general alertness and suppress appetite.

Commonly abused prescription amphetamines include Adderall, Concerta, Ritalin and Vivance.

The highly sought-after stimulant effects of amphetamines significantly increase the risk for abuse, particularly for college students, clubgoers, and those who work long hours, such as truck drivers.

Behaviors associated with amphetamine abuse include taking doses higher and/or more often than prescribed without consulting a doctor, along with altering the method of administration, such as snorting or injecting.

Amphetamine use can increase one’s heart rate and blood pressure, and cause fever, loss of appetite, and poor sleeping patterns. Severe consequences of amphetamine abuse include the following:

  • Insomnia
  • Malnutrition
  • Depression
  • Short-term memory loss
  • Inability to concentrate
  • Repetitive behaviors
  • Anxiety
  • Confusion
  • Paranoia and delusions
  • Amphetamine-induced psychosis
  • Seizures

Ecstasy

Ecstasy is a synthetic drug that produces both stimulant and hallucinogenic effects, altering perception and mood. Some common street names for Ecstasy are MDMA, Molly, or X. For the most part, Ecstasy is bought and sold in pill form on the street, though it can be crushed and snorted or ingested as a liquid mixture.

The effects of Ecstasy are often marked by a profound increase in feelings of trust, closeness or intimacy with other people, including strangers. Because of this, risky sexual behavior, which can lead to the contraction of sexually transmitted diseases, is perhaps the most significant negative consequence of Ecstasy abuse.

Likewise, high doses of Ecstasy can cause dangerous fevers, leading to the damage or failure of the kidneys, liver or heart.

Methamphetamine

List of Stimulants | Recovery in TuneMethamphetamine, also known as meth, is a very addictive and potent stimulant. Upon consumption, meth produces an immediate and intense whirlwind of pleasure, energy, and confidence. In the brain, meth stimulates chemicals associated with reward and well-being.

Much like cocaine, these feelings of reward and euphoria can lead one to harmful, repetitive use to maintain the “high.” The positive feelings caused by meth use are followed by negative feelings of anger, dread, manic excitement, and general malaise. These feelings can cause the person to repeat drug use to both maintain the positive feelings of the high and avoid the adverse effects of withdrawal.

This vicious cycle makes meth addiction extremely difficult to avoid, sometimes even after a single use.

Intensity and volatility characterize behaviors of someone high on meth. A meth high often leads the abuser to suffer delusions regarding their power over oneself and others. This overconfidence in one’s abilities promotes a false sense of importance and superiority over other people (delusions of grandeur.)

Meth, like Ecstasy, can dramatically increase body temperature to the point of a loss of consciousness. Moreover, a meth user can experience severe itching sensations known as “tweaking,” a sensation that feels like insects crawling all over their body. They may also experience significantly disordered thinking and emotional instability.

Long-term use or addiction can lead to psychotic breaks from reality, memory loss, heart problems, seizures and serious dental complications, known as “meth mouth.”

Additionally, because one’s brain becomes so saturated with these reward chemicals, prolonged abuse can cause significant brain damage, making the delusions, anger and dread permanent.

Treatment for Stimulant Addiction

Treatment for stimulant addiction begins with a medically-assisted detox at our center followed by a residential stay of 30 days or longer. Patients are also encouraged to engage in intensive outpatient treatment (IOP) as he or she makes the transition back into society.

Both formats offer patients individual and group therapy, counseling, 12-step programs, and alternative practices such as yoga and art therapy.

Club Drugs

As the name would imply, club drugs (also referred to as party drugs) are substances used by young people at raves, clubs, parties, concerts, festivals, etc. Some of the most common club drugs include MDMA (Ecstasy, Molly), GHB, Rohypnol (Roofies), methamphetamine, LSD, and ketamine (Special K.)

Are they addictive? The short answer is yes, but it’s more complicated than that. To explain, club drugs include substances can be considered either depressants, stimulants or hallucinogens. Stimulants such as meth and other amphetamines have a high potential for addiction, as do depressants such as GHB and Rohypnol.

On the other hand, hallucinogens (i.e., LSD and ketamine) are not generally considered to be chemically addictive. That said, hallucinogens are substances that clearly have the potential for abuse. In this sense, they can be psychologically addictive and habit forming.

List of Club Drugs

MDMA (Ecstasy, Molly)

Club Drugs | Recovery in Tune

MDMA is perhaps the most commonly used substance in the club drugs category. It is unique in that it has both stimulant and hallucinogen effects, and does not appear to be chemically addictive. It invokes feelings of energy and euphoria but can have some dangerous and occasionally lethal side effects.

Adverse effects or complications due to MDMA include the following:

  • Hyperthermia (abnormally increased body temperature)
  • Dehydration
  • Anxiety
  • Irritability
  • Aggression
  • Insomnia
  • Restlessness
  • Impulsiveness
  • Nausea
  • Chills
  • Teeth grinding (bruxism)
  • Muscle cramps
  • Hypertension (high blood pressure)
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Kidney failure
  • Heart failure

It is rare to overdose on MDMA, but it does happen. It is the combination of hyperthermia and dehydration that is widely considered to be the most dangerous. These two conditions can lead to muscle breakdown and kidney malfunction, especially if abused long-term.

GHB

GHB is categorized as a depressant but can cause stimulant effects at low doses. It also produces euphoria and sociability, not dissimilar to MDMA.

At higher doses, however, GHB’s depressive nature is revealed as the user begins to feel drowsy and experience visual and memory disturbances. For this reason, GHB is often used as a “date rape drug,” meaning that it is given to the user without their consent, and they become impaired to the point that they cannot resist sexual advances or remember what happened the next day.

GHB is a powerful depressant, and can, therefore, cause lethal complications especially when used with alcohol or other depressant drugs.

Symptoms of Overdose include the following:

  • Slow or irregular breathing/heart rate
  • Weak pulse
  • Cold, clammy skin
  • Severe drowsiness
  • Bluish skin, lips, and/or fingernails (cyanosis)
  • Seizure
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Coma

Rohypnol

Rohypnol (flunitrazepam), like GHB, is often used to facilitate sexual assaults. It is technically a benzodiazepine (i.e. Xanax) which is an anti-anxiety medication that falls into the category of depressant. Rohypnol, however, is several times stronger than other benzos, such as Valium.

Rohypnol results in effects similar to those of alcohol, and at high doses, can cause unconsciousness and partial amnesia, an effect lending to its popularly as a date rape drug. It can also lead to nausea and vomiting for several hours after ingestion.

Ketamine (Special K)

Ketamine is a hallucinogen with dissociative properties, meaning that its use can result in feelings of detachment from oneself and the external world (depersonalization and derealization.)

At lower doses, ketamine can produce sedation as well as a trance-like state. At higher doses, people can experience marked dissociation in addition to hallucinations (also referred to as a “K-hole.” Some experiencing this may appear to be awake but cannot respond or move. This state is dangerously close to an overdose and should be monitored closely.

LSD (Acid)

Club Drugs | Recovery in TuneLSD is a powerful hallucinogen that causes distortions in a person’s perceptions and sensations. While not addictive, chronic LSD use has been known to lead adverse experiences known as “bad trips” and result in effects such as the following:

  • Anxiety
  • Panic
  • Paranoia
  • Irritability
  • Aggression
  • Delusions
  • Intrusive thoughts
  • Hopelessness
  • Suicidal ideation

LSD is not used as often as other clubs as say, MDMA, but it commonly experienced through a group activity.

Methamphetamine (Meth)

Meth is a synthetic drug with stimulant properties that can result in an intense rush of energy and talkativeness and similar effects that last for several hours. After the initial effects wear off, users experience a crash and often results in a long period of lethargy and sleepiness. Meth “binges” are common for this reason.

Research has found that chronic meth use can alter the structure of the brain and that significant cognitive and emotional problems can persist for month or years after meth use is ceased.

Side effects of meth use include the following:

  • Itching and sore
  • Dental hygiene problems
  • Hypertension
  • Irregular heart rate
  • Significant weight loss
  • Increased body temperature
  • Anxiety and panic
  • Confusion
  • Insomnia
  • Mood swings
  • Violent behavior
  • Paranoia
  • Hallucinations and delusions
  • Psychosis

What Is the Treatment for Club Drug Abuse and Dependence?

Drug addiction, unfortunately, often remains untreated. In fact, only about 1 in 10 people with a substance abuse disorder and less than half of those with a serious addiction ever seek treatment.

The primary goals of drug addiction treatment are abstinence, relapse prevention, and rehabilitation. At the beginning of the first phase (abstinence), sufferers should undergo a medically-assisted detox. This gives the patient access to around-the-clock care and medications that can relieve withdrawal symptoms and prevent relapse (phase 2.)

After detox, most patients need therapy for the psychological addiction that also formed in conjunction with chemical dependence (phase 3.) People with less severe substance abuse problems or those who require flexibility can engage in our intensive outpatient program. This program is structured so that patients can receive comprehensive treatment and still to attend to personal responsibilities such as family, work, and school.

Those with more serious addictions are encouraged to participate in a residential (inpatient) treatment program. During this process, also known as rehab, patients live in the center 24/7 for a duration of at least 30 days while receiving around-the-clock medical care, therapy, counseling, and access to 12-step programs and complimentary approaches such as yoga and music and art therapy.

Many patient who graduate from inpatient treatment move on to outpatient treatment and take advantage of further support and therapy while they transition back to society. Outpatients can live in a private residence or approved sober living environment, in which case we offer transportation to and from therapy sessions at the center.

After intensive treatment has been completed, patients can benefit from aftercare planning services. Our aftercare planner works with the patient’s insurance company and helps the patient find long-term support outside of the center, such as psychiatric services and counseling.

Finally, our center offers alumni activities after graduation which foster peer support and facilitate ongoing recovery.

Who We Are
We provide a comprehensive, holistic method to treatment, encompassing a wide array of different evidence-based practices in combination. All of Recovery In Tune’s primary therapists are either licensed or master’s level clinicians.  Our programs are structured with various components of evidence-based treatment practices and holistic approaches to treatment that provide our patients with   the knowledge and tools they need to be successful in their recovery.

If you or your loved one is suffering from substance abuse, please seek help as soon as possible.

Call us now to learn about our treatment options.

1 (844) 7-IN-TUNE

Depression and Addiction

Depression and Addiction – According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, around one in ten Americans suffer from depression. People with depression and other mental health disorders are a higher risk for substance abuse, and indeed, the two conditions frequently co-occur.

In 2016, the U.S. Surgeon General reported that nearly 21 million Americans experienced a substance use disorder, which includes the abuse of alcohol, prescription painkillers, or illicit drugs such as heroin and cocaine.

Finally, an estimated one in four adults with a mental health condition is reported to also engage in substance abuse, and depression is believed to be the most common. In fact, the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry reports that about one-third of adults who struggle with alcohol or drug abuse also suffer from depression.

Moreover, substance abuse is incredibly common among those who are battling a depressive disorder. Depression can drive people to use substances as a coping mechanism and means of self-medication. In turn, substance abuse tends to create and intensify symptoms of depression and other mental health conditions.

What is a Dual Diagnosis?

Depression and Addiction | Recovery in TuneWhen a person experiences both depression and addiction, this referred to as a dual diagnosis. Co-occurring conditions can consist of any combination of mental illness such as anxiety or depression and the abuse of drugs or alcohol.

Having depression increases one’s risk of self-harm and suicidal behaviors. When a person abuses substances, the risk of harm to oneself and others rises exponentially.

However, participating in a comprehensive treatment program can help people mend themselves and regain their lives by pulling themselves out of the dregs of depression and addiction.

 

Moreover, depression and addiction are not merely two separate entities – they overlap and exacerbate each other.

How is Depression Diagnosed?

Being sad once in a while is not the same as clinical depression, which tends to be a chronic condition and can dramatically wax and wane over time. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 4th Edition (DSM-IV), clinical depression last for two weeks or more, and interferes with one’s ability to maintain healthy relationships and function socially and professionally.

People who suffer from depressive may these symptoms daily:

  • Feelings of hopelessness and worthlessness
  • Anxiety
  • Loss of appetite and weight loss
  • Increased appetite and weight gain
  • Insomnia, over-sleepiness, or sleep disturbances
  • Sadness and crying
  • Ache and pains
  • Loss of energy
  • Feelings of guilt
  • Irritability
  • Concentration difficulties
  • Loss of interest in activities once considered enjoyable
  • Suicidal ideations

While depression commonly manifests itself through feelings of sadness and fatigue, some people also experience hostility and anger. In any case, depression is not merely the occasionally “blues” and is markedly different from the person’s typical emotional and mental state.

Clinical depression often results in the tasks of daily life seeming unbearable, and the person feels as if this mood is permanent and unchangeable. These feelings become a gateway to addiction in an attempt to resolve the pain and hopelessness that has hijacks one’s life.

Becoming Addicted

Depression often leads to addiction because those who suffer often abuse substances to try to escape their emotional state.

Critical signs of addiction include the following:

Tolerance – The body becomes used to the effects of the substance and diminishes the response. This condition results in the user needing increasing amounts of the substance to achieve the desired result.

Withdrawal symptoms – Unpleasant symptoms arise when someone tries to quit using drugs or alcohol. These effects vary in severity and duration based on a myriad of factors such as the drug used and the intensity of use.

Feelings of guilt or remorse – Feeling worse after substance abuse rather than better, knowing that one is engaging in unhealthy and potentially destructive behavior.

Relapse – Drug cravings and withdrawal symptoms result in a return to substance abuse.

Treating Both Depression and Addiction

Depression and Addiction | Recovery in TuneWhen people who suffer from depression and addiction try to abstain from substances, sometimes depression can get worse. When the underlying emotional problems that drive one’s addiction are not addressed, the likelihood of relapse is high.

A dual diagnosis can be far more challenging to treat than either one condition alone because each disorder feeds into the other. Therefore, a traditional one-dimensional program will not be sufficient to address the problems of someone with a co-occurring mental illness.

Moreover, only staff who employ comprehensive programs that can address the needs of people with both addiction and psychiatric problems are qualified to plan and execute treatment. When an underlying mental illness is not identified or left untreated, the risk of relapse increases significantly.

According to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), an integrated treatment plan should include these goals:

  • Help the client understand what causes depression
  • Teach the client that is it possible to recover from both conditions
  • Motivate the client to make significant life changes
  • Give the client usable skills for managing negative thoughts and feeling
  • Help the client identify and change negative behavior patterns that fuel the addiction
  • Use medication-assisted treatment as appropriate to control symptoms of depression and addiction

Support, encouragement, and motivation are critical tools in the fight against addiction and depression. Through therapy, counseling, and peer support, you can regain your sanity and enjoy the happy, fulfilling life you deserve.

Signs of a Heroin Overdose

Signs of a Heroin Overdose – A heroin overdose is a life-threatening condition that can result in sudden respiratory arrest and death and medical assistance is required immediately. If you or someone you know is experiencing the following symptoms after heroin use, please call 911:

  • Bluish or purple nails or lips
  • Depressed, labored breathing
  • Weak pulse
  • Pinpoint pupils
  • Disorientation or delirium
  • Extreme drowsiness/sedation
  • Repeated episodes of loss of consciousness
  • Coma

Treatment for a Heroin Overdose

In the event of a life-threatening heroin overdose, Narcan (naloxone) should be administered. Narcan is an opioid antagonist that attaches to receptors in the brain and can rapidly reverse and block the effects of other opioids.

When Narcan is administered outside of a hospital setting by emergency medical technicians, the patient is then transported to the nearest emergency room for further treatment and observation.

First responders such as EMTs, law enforcement, and fire department personnel usually have Narcan on hand in the event they are called to the scene of an opioid overdose.

Narcan can also be purchased at many pharmacies without a prescription.

What is Heroin?

Signs of Heroin Overdose | Recovery in TuneHeroin is a semi-synthetic opiate derived from the chemical compound morphine found in the opium poppy. Heroin is classified as a Schedule I controlled substance by the Drug Enforcement Agency, meaning that is illegal and is not considered to have any legitimate medical purpose.

Heroin is often used recreationally, however, and is highly addictive because it acts on the brain’s reward center by drastically boosting feel-good chemicals, such as dopamine and serotonin.

Symptoms of Heroin Abuse and Addiction

Symptoms of heroin abuse include, but are not limited to the following:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Dry mouth
  • Constricted (small) pupils
  • Sudden changes in behavior or actions
  • Disorientation
  • Cycles of hyper-alertness followed by suddenly sedation
  • Droopy appearance, extremities appear heavy

Short-term effects of heroin use include, but are not limited to the following:

  • A strong rush of euphoric feelings
  • Feelings of being warm and flushed during the initial rush
  • Heavy sensation in the extremities
  • Reduced pain sensations
  • Drowsiness and sedation
  • Lethargy

Short-term side effects of heroin use include, but are not limited to the following:

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Grogginess
  • Confusion
  • Dry mouth
  • Itching and scratching
  • Constricted pupil
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Below normal body temperature.
  • Slowed respiration and heart rate
  • Cyanosis (bluish or purple) hands, feet, and lips

Behavioral Effects of Heroin Use

  1. Lying or other deceptive behavior
  2. Substantial increases in time spent sleeping
  3. Increase in slurred or incoherent speech
  4. Poor performance in school or work, including loss of jobs
  5. Reduced attention to hygiene and physical appearance
  6. Loss of motivation and apathy toward the future
  7. Withdrawal from family and regular circle of friends
  8. Reduced interest in hobbies and activities once deemed important
  9. Repeatedly stealing or borrowing money from loved ones
  10. Wearing long pants or sleeves to hide hypodermic needle marks

Long-term complications from heroin use may also include:

  1. Poor dental health
  2. Abraded skin from scratching
  3. Severe constipation
  4. Increased susceptibility to disease from impaired immune system
  5. Weakness and sedation
  6. Poor appetite and malnutrition, weight loss
  7. Sleep disturbances
  8. Decrease in libido
  9. Scarring, abscesses, and infection at injection sites
  10. Collapsed veins from intravenous drug use
  11. Increase risk of Hepatitis and HIV/AIDS

Heroin Dependence and Tolerance

Dependence is a condition that can occur as a result of the regular use of heroin. When dependence develops, the brain has already become accustomed to the drug’s presence, and can’t function properly without it.
When a user tries to quit, this action leads to highly unpleasant withdrawal symptoms, a condition known as being “dope sick.”

Heroin withdrawal symptoms include, but are not limited to the following:

  • Nausea
  • Abdominal pain
  • Sweating and chills
  • Shaking and tremors
  • Nervousness
  • Agitation
  • Depression
  • Muscle spasms
  • Cravings for drugs

Tolerance develops over time as the brain becomes desensitized to drug exposure, and the user finds he or she must continually increase doses and frequency of use in order to obtain the desired high. Due to escalating drug use, the development of tolerance significantly increases the risk of overdose and death.

Treatment for Heroin Addiction

Signs of Heroin Overdose | Recovery in TuneTreatment for heroin addiction begins with a clinical detox, a process in which the patient is monitored for several days while their body cleanses itself of heroin and other toxins.

During this time, medication-assisted treatment such as Suboxone can be administrated to reduce cravings and symptoms of withdrawal.

Following detox, patients should participate in a 30-60 days treatment program at our center. We offer both inpatient and intensive outpatient formats, each of which includes individual and group therapy, family and individual counseling, 12-step program meetings, and holistic activities such as yoga, art, and music therapy.

Outpatients have the option of living at a private residence among family and friends or an approved sober living environment. Transportation is available for those living in a local sober living home.

After treatment has been completed, former patients are encouraged to engage in alumni activities and take advantage of our aftercare planning services.

If you or your loved one is suffering from substance abuse, please seek help as soon as possible.

Is Ritalin Addictive?

Is Ritalin Addictive? Ritalin (methylphenidate) is a stimulant drug indicated to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy. If misused without a doctor’s supervision, Ritalin is categorized by the Drug Enforcement Agency as a controlled substance and has a high potential for addiction due to its interaction with the brain’s reward system.

How Ritalin Works

Ritalin is usually taken in the form of an oral tablet but can also be crushed and snorted or injected. Its stimulant properties result in effects similar to cocaine and other amphetamines, including meth. Ritalin exposure causes the brain to cease the reuptake of dopamine, a chemical that is responsible for feelings of well-being and euphoria.

By allowing more dopamine to reach brain receptors, Ritalin helps people with ADHD increase attention signals. In people without ADHD, Ritalin use leads to increased feelings of energy and elation.

Similar Medications

Other medications that include Ritalin’s active ingredient, methylphenidate include the following:

  • Aptensio
  • Concerta
  • Metadate
  • Methylin
  • Quillichew
  • Quillivant

The drugs have similar effects as Ritalin, and therefore also have a high potential for abuse and addiction.

How Ritalin is Abused

Is Ritalin Addictive? | Recovery in TuneRitalin is commonly misused for its stimulant psychoactive properties. It is sometimes used recreationally as a club drug and found at parties, clubs, concerts, festivals, etc. It is also used for its energizing effects, such as by college students during cram sessions or truck drivers working long hours.

The consequences of Ritalin addiction include drug cravings and withdrawal effects when use is ceased. Frequent abuse can result in both dependence and tolerance.

Dependence occurs over time when the brain adjusts to the presence of a drug and can no longer function normally. When the user tries to cut back or quit altogether, this action results in a myriad of unpleasant side effects.

When tolerance occurs, the body needs increasing amounts of the drug in order to achieve the desired feelings. This result can lead users to consume higher doses more frequently, increasing the severity of the addiction and the possibility of an overdose.

How to Avoid Ritalin Addiction

You can prevent Ritalin dependency by following these guidelines:

1. Do not take Ritalin or other amphetamines without a doctor’s prescription.
2. Do not take doses in greater amounts than prescribed.
3. Do not take doses more frequently than prescribed.
4. Only use Ritalin for its intended medical purpose.

People with ADHD at a reduced risk for addiction than people who abuse it recreationally. Moreover, it increases calm, focus and concentration in affected individuals, rather than merely stimulate the system to the point of extreme energy and euphoria.

Signs Of Ritalin Addiction

Ritalin addiction can result in a number of adverse physical, mental, and social effects. People who abuse Ritalin may engage in illegal activities in order to obtain the drug, suffer from severe side effects, or display poor impulse control and risky behavior such as driving while intoxicated.

Ritalin abusers may also neglect important responsibilities, such as work, school, and family life. They may battle with financial difficulties and strained relationships due to drug use.

Physical and Mental Side Effects

Is Ritalin Addictive? | Recovery in TuneThe severity and duration of Ritalin’s effects depend on the individual, the dose consumed and how often, and the person’s level of tolerance.

Also, when Ritalin is snorted or administered through injection, the initial effects are typically much more intense than when taken as a tablet.

Effects of Ritalin abuse can include:

  • Talkativeness
  • Suppressed appetite/weight loss
  • Confusion
  • Agitation and anxiety
  • Depression
  • Insomnia
  • Paranoia
  • Fatigue
  • Increased heart rate
  • Nausea
  • Headache
  • Chest pain
  • Raised or lowered blood pressure

The long-term effects of Ritalin abuse may include:

  • Disorientation
  • Apathy or dysphoria (unfeeling or unhappy)
  • Marked mood changes
  • Delusions, hallucinations, and other psychotic symptoms
  • Frequent seizures
  • Anorexia and profound weight loss
  • Alternating bouts of mania and depression
  • Suicidal ideations

Signs of a Ritalin Overdose

Although rare, a Ritalin overdose can be lethal. If you or someone you know is exhibiting the following signs, please contact medical emergency personnel immediately:

  • Uncontrolled vomiting
  • Hallucinations
  • Noticeably dilated pupils
  • Extremely flushed skin
  • Fever
  • Dryness of the mouth/nose
  • Rapid heartbeat
  • Severe chest pain
  • Shortness of breath
  • Seizures and convulsions
  • Loss of consciousness

Treatment for Ritalin Addiction

Ritalin addiction treatment often begins with a medically-assisted detox. During this process, the body rids itself of the drug under the supervision of medical personnel. Detox usually takes a few days to complete before the client can move onto to formal addiction treatment.

Our treatment programs include both inpatient (residential) and outpatient formats. Both tracks offer individual and group therapy, counseling, 12-step program meetings, and holistic practices such as art and music therapy.

Clients should participate in treatment for a minimum of 30-60 days. Outpatients can choose to live in a private residence or approved sober living home and take advantage of aftercare planning and alumni activities when treatment is complete.

If you or your loved one is suffering from substance abuse, please seek help as soon as possible.

What Does Heroin Look Like

What Does Heroin Look Like? | Recovery In Tune

What Does Heroin Look Like?
Pure heroin looks like a fine, white powder, but is frequently found in various shades of gray, beige, pink, brown, and even black. The coloring is due to the drug being cut with additives, such as caffeine, sugar, powdered milk, stark, quinine and other drugs.

Some heroin tends to be courser, and black tar heroin, as the name suggests, is a tar-like, sticky substance that ranges from dark brown to black. It is the least pure of all forms of heroin due to the crude way in which it’s processed. Heroin is a highly addictive, painkilling narcotic made from morphine. 

Methods of Use

What Does Heroin Look Like? | Recovery In Tune

Injecting heroin is a very popular form of use because it is delivered more rapidly and intensely to the brain, resulting in a more powerful high. In addition to the harmful effects of the heroin itself, intravenous drug use can also result in serious skin infections, abscesses, collapsed veins, and in extreme cases, amputation.

Smoking heroin involves burning the drug and inhaling smoke into the lungs, using through a pipe. Smoking heroin is also referred to as “chasing the dragon.” The high that results from smoking heroin is not as intense as when injected, but may be popular among those who choose to avoid needles and the stigma associated with intravenous drug use.

Like injecting, however, smoking heroin also has dangers associated with the specific method of use. For example, those who smoke heroin face a higher risk of bronchitis and pneumonia, as well as widespread damage to other organs such as the heart, liver, and brain.

Snorting heroin involves sniffing the substance into the nostrils. Not unlike cocaine use, snorting heroin can result in nasal infections and irreversible damage to the septum and surrounding tissue.

How Heroin Works and Why is It Addictive
Using heroin results in a euphoric high that can last up to a half hour. When heroin reaches the brain, it attaches to receptors that release a massive surge of dopamine, a chemical associated with feelings of well-being and relaxation.

After multiple uses, heroin becomes addictive due to the onset of tolerance and dependency. Tolerance occurs as the brain requires more and more of the drug to achieve the desired euphoria and other effects. In a nutshell, increased exposure = reduced response.

When tolerance occurs, users are forced to use increasing amounts, which also raises the risk of overdose. Some users switch to more powerful opioids such as fentanyl or use other drugs in conjunction with heroin to enhance or prolong a high.

Dependency occurs when the brain becomes accustomed to the drug’s presence and can’t function properly without it. When the user tries to quit or cut back, the body responds with unpleasant mental and physical withdrawal effects.

These effects are one reason why people continue to use the drug – to avoid withdrawals and sate the cravings associated with it.

Street Names for Heroin

Heroin is known on the street by many different names, sometimes depending on its color or purity.

Slang names for heroin include, but are not limited to the following:

  • Smack, Dope, Junk, Dragon
  • Skunk, Horse (Mexican Horse), Chiva (Chiba), Boy, Hero, Birdie Powder, Snow (Snowball)
  • White (China White), White Stuff, White Girl (White Boy), White Nurse (White Lady), White Horse
  • Tar (Black Tar), Black Stuff, Black Pearl, Black Eagle, Negra
  • Brown (Brown Crystal), Brown Sugar (Brown Tape), Brown Sugar (Brown Crystal), Mexican Brown (Mud)
  • Witch Hazel, Skag, Shot, H (Big H), Scag (Scat), Number 2 (Number 3,4,8), Hell Dust, Thunder

Treatment for Heroin Addiction

Treatment for Heroin Addiction | Recovery In TuneHeroin addiction is a condition best treated by mental health and medical providers in a clinical setting. Our team includes addiction specialists and other healthcare personnel trained to enact customized programs that treat the symptoms of addiction and withdrawal.

Treatment begins in our detox center, where patients are monitored around-the-clock. During this time, medication-assisted therapy can be administered to mitigate many of the worst symptoms of withdrawal.

After detox, patients are encouraged to enter one of our long-term treatment programs, ideally for at least 30 days. We offer both inpatient (residential stay) treatment as well as intensive outpatient treatment.

Both formats include behavioral therapy, individual and group therapy, family counseling, holistic practices such as meditation, and participation in 12-step programs.

After intensive treatment has been completed, support groups are helpful for maintaining long-term abstinence, as are ongoing treatments such as psychiatric services and counseling.

Also, after discharge from treatment, clients can still participate in our aftercare program and alumni activities

Find Out More Information
Recovery is about you. Our aim is to provide you with effective clinical and peer support, an understanding of your addiction and the tools to succeed on your journey to a new life of recovery.

Find sobriety through inner harmony.

If you or your loved one is suffering from substance abuse, please seek help as soon as possible.

What is Alcoholic Liver Disease?

What is Alcoholic Liver Disease? – Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) is characterized by damage caused to the liver due to excessive alcohol use. Although most people are able to consume alcohol without suffering serious consequences, some heavy drinkers will develop liver disease and experience irreversible and potentially life-threatening effects.

Who Suffers From ALD?

Studies have shown that ALD may begin after a threshold pattern of drinking has occurred, which is thought to be about four drinks a day for men and about two for women. Almost everyone who consumes alcohol at this level will exhibit some evidence of liver damage, but less than half of those will ever develop a serious liver condition.

Severe ALD is a condition traditionally experienced by older people into middle age and beyond. According to a recent report from NPR, however, from 1999-2016, the number of 25- to 34-year-olds who died annually from alcohol-related liver disease nearly tripled, reflecting an average annual increase of around 10 percent.

Types of Alcoholic Liver Disease and Symptoms

Alcoholic Liver Disease | Recovery in TuneThe effects of alcoholic liver disease can vary from little to no symptoms, all the way to end-stage liver disease. In the interim, sufferers may experience a variety of symptoms, including but not limited to jaundice, hypertension, nausea and vomiting, fever, stomach pain, diarrhea and weight loss.

There are three types of liver disease related to alcohol use – fatty liver, alcoholic hepatitis, and cirrhosis.

Fatty liver (a build-up of fat in the liver) can occur after an acute, but significant episode of alcohol consumption. It is usually without noticeable symptoms and is entirely reversible, however, and will not likely lead to chronic liver disease if the person later abstains or drinks in moderation.

Alcoholic hepatitis is alcohol-induced liver damage that can occur after an excessive quality of alcohol has been consumed over an extended period. Symptoms may be non-existent or can result in liver failure/death. The condition may or may not be reversible.

Liver cirrhosis is characterized by scarring that consists of thick bands of tissue. It is irreversible, but often takes years to reach a life-threatening status (end-stage) and in the interim, it can be treated and its progression slowed.

End-Stage Liver Disease Symptoms
End-stage liver disease can only be treated with a liver transplant. Symptoms may include the following:

  • Easy bleeding or bruising.
  • Jaundice – persistent or recurring yellowing of skin and eyes
  • Intense itching
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea
  • Swelling due to fluid buildup in the abdomen and legs.
  • Concentration and memory problems
  • Bleeding of the digestive (gastrointestinal) tract
  • Brain and nervous system damage due to the buildup of toxins in the bloodstream (hepatic encephalopathy)

Alcoholism is Also a Disease

Alcoholic Liver Disease | Recovery in Tune

Alcohol addiction is a disease, not unlike other medical conditions such as cancer and diabetes. Being an alcoholic is not a choice – no more than having Type II diabetes is a choice. Both conditions, however, do require health decision-making and lifestyle changes in order to manage and minimize symptoms and complications.

Alcoholism is not curable, but it can be treated. It is best approached comprehensively, and customized by professionals at our addiction treatment center.

Services include psychotherapy, individual and group therapy, individual and family counseling, 12-step programs, holistic practices such as art therapy and yoga, and aftercare support.

Addiction Treatment for Alcoholism and Alcoholic Liver Disease

Liver disease is treatable but may be irreversible, and those who suffer from severe cases face the possibility of death. Even those who successfully receive a liver transplant tend to have dramatically shortened lives, only living on average about five more years.

Moreover, ALD is a potentially life-threatening condition that can only be effectively treated through abstinence from alcohol. This can be achieved by undergoing intensive addiction treatment in a qualified substance abuse treatment center.

Treatment programs begin with a full assessment and detox. Medical detox is a process in which the patient is supervised in our center 24/7 and medications are administered to reduce the risk of complications and minimize symptoms of withdrawal.

During detox, the body slowly rids itself of harmful toxins such as the by-products of excessive alcohol consumption.

Following detox, clients should participate in a long-term residential (inpatient) or outpatient treatment program. Residential clients stay in our center 24 hours a day, for ideally, no less than 30 days. Intensive outpatient clients visit the center several times per week but live at a private residence or sober living community.

After discharge from treatment, clients can still participate in our aftercare program and engage in alumni activities. Clients are also strongly encouraged to continue treatment with psychiatric professionals and counselors and attend 12-step meetings or other peer support groups.

Find Out More Information
Recovery is about you. Our aim is to provide you with effective clinical and peer support, an understanding of your addiction and the tools to succeed on your journey to a new life of recovery.

Find sobriety through inner harmony.

If you or your loved one is suffering from substance abuse, please seek help as soon as possible.